Organic farming means developing a mode of production of fresh vegetables and fruits paying maximum respect to the natural resources, in order to conserve the environment and protect the consumers’ health. The organic farming method used to produce fresh fruits and vegetables, such as organic oranges, is based on respect for the environment, the land and the tree without using phytopharmaceutical and chemical fertilizers.
A cultivation of fresh fruits, where organic farming is used is really delicate and particular attentions and cares are necessary: in fact, organic farming avails itself of professionals in the field and uses investments, not only as to necessary cares, but also as to the quantity of time that has to be dedicated to organic cultivations. With organic farming the producer of fresh fruit and vegetable, and therefore the producer of organic oranges, keeps a direct relationship with the natural cycle of the plant.
Like all the varieties of fruits and vegetables that are traded the most worldwide, even oranges are cultivated more and more by producer countries, that are increasingly sensitive to organic farming and to consumers’ choices: there are more and more fruit and vegetable companies that produce organic oranges, paying maximum respect to the environment and controlling the products used that have to be strictly free from chemical substances. Organic farming is a form of production that is spreading above all in the Dominica Republic, to such an extent that nowadays it is the first country exporter of organic oranges worldwide.
Organic farming and also the production of organic oranges, is increasingly part of the consumer's conscience, who is more respectful of the environment and pays more attention in choosing the cultivar.
In cultivating organic oranges, natural organic fertilizers are mainly used, avoiding excessive watering, which would make the fruit less savoury and more subject to deterioration. There are monitoring organizations and certifications in the field of organic farming, designated in order to control the origin of the fruit and vegetable products treated with the organic method: to obtain the recognition of organic fruit, it is necessary to respect some requirements, provided for by the Rule CE 834/07 and those provided for by directives.
In thecultivation of organic oranges only natural organic fertilizers and pesticides that are completely compatible with the natural cycle of plants are used. The proceeding of organic cultivation of oranges is more delicate compared to traditional method of cultivation and therefore organic oranges have better characteristics as to flesh and taste.
The first aim of organic farming is to fertilize the soil without using chemical fertilizers, while the second aim in the cultivation of organic oranges is to overcome parasites attacking plants of oranges without using pesticides, but using herbs and natural substances that are useful in eliminating harmful parasites.
There are more and more producers of organic oranges, importers of organic oranges, exporters of organic oranges, wholesalers of organic oranges and retailers of organic oranges that have embraced the methods and the values of organic farming. Consumers, more and more attentive to the healthiness of fruit and to its properties appreciate this kind of fresh fruit: it is shown by the market that is expanding and the international productions of the very fresh fruit and vegetable product.
However, cultivating organic oranges gives a new quality element to the consumer, because of the absolute absence of products for the storing of fruit that instead are largely used in traditional products to extend the shelf-life. Furthermore, the short die that usually is typical of the production of organic oranges is an important element for the fruit and vegetable companies. Fruit and vegetable products coming from organic farming are produced using production methods that allow to utilize only substances of natural origins. It is an extremely important step for the consumer, as it outlines the quality of the process and of all the entities involved in the production of oranges, guaranteed by the label of the fruit and vegetable product on the international market, with fruit and vegetable companies for the production of organic oranges certified according to the EU norms as to organic farming, to the European Regulation 2092/91, later annulled with the new CE 834/2007, created to protect the environment. The label, is thus a “certification” of valid, healthy and higher quality fruit and vegetable products.
Among the organic oranges available on the world fruit and vegetable market, the most cultivated are the organic Moro oranges: they have a juicy red flesh and are idea for orange juice.